Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, also referred to as dark or red spots, are caused by a number of factors, including sun exposure and hormonal shifts, medications taken and even genetics. For “acne sufferers with non-Caucasian skin,” hyperpigmentation appears “after acne lesions heal.”
It can be frustrating when these spots appear, leaving you to feel flawed and unable to take control of how your skin looks. While some factors, such as acne, you don’t have control of, other factors, such as sun exposure, you do, and so you must implement certain measures to keep the risk of hyperpigmentation to a minimum.
From natural remedies to clear present spots to medical measures, here are the best skin care tips you can add to your daily routine to achieve flawless skin.
Try natural remedies – If you’re one to go for something natural before anything else, then Mind Body Green have three ingredients you can use on your dark spots — ones you can easily find in your kitchen. You can use fresh lemon juice as “an organic bleaching agent to lighten dark spots.” You can try a mixture of horseradish, vinegar and honey on your face for 20 minutes or you can even try a red onion, which is “rich in acidic properties and can help fade dark spots almost effortlessly.”
Wash your face every day – It’s no news to you how important it is to wash your face every day but you can add hyperpigmentation to the reasons why you should do so every morning. The washing of the face applies for the night time skin care routine as well and it is recommended that you apply a skin lightening moisturizer.
Adopt a weekly routine – Besides the daily routine, a weekly routine involving a gentle scrub to exfoliate the face of dead skin cells and a face pack “with skin lightening ingredients like papaya [or] saffron,” will also help with hyperpigmentation. This routine can also be adopted to the body or specific areas where dark spots have appeared.
Always wear sunscreen – Even on a grey winter day, sunscreen is so important for anti-ageing measures, protection from UV rays and to avoid having dark spots on your skin.
Avoid harmful products – Sometimes we can cause more harm than good with the products we use. Skin care products “that contain deep colors, multiple preservatives, and fragrances,” should be avoided, as well as products that cause redness or burning the minute you apply them on your skin.
Use topical creams – Topical creams “act at various levels of melanin production in the skin.” From fusidic acid to honey, Iodine and vitamin C, there are several types of topical medications and it is best to ask your dermatologist to check your skin first, to recommend the best one for you.
Taking preventative measures is always better than having to solve the problem once it is there. Adopting a preventative skin care routine involving the right products for your skin, and applying sunscreen every day, means you are arming your skin with the right tools to avoid hyperpigmentation. When the problem is out of your control because of acne, then consult your dermatologist for the best measures and more importantly, never pick at the lesions because it is “perhaps the worst culprit when it comes to these marks.”